VOLTHA and ONOS software update procedures

This document describes the software upgrade procedure for VOLTHA and ONOS in a deployed system. Distinction is made between a minor software upgrade, which can be done in service, meaning with no dataplane service interruption to existing customers, and a major software upgrade, which in turns requires a full maintenance window during which service is impacted.

Changes to data-structures in storage (ETCD for VOLTHA and Atomix for ONOS) are out of scope for in-service upgrades. Such changes qualify as “major” software upgrades that require a maintenance windows. The KAFKA bus update has its own section given that the procedure is different from the rest of the components. The following elements expect a fully working provisioned VOLTHA and ONOS deployment on top of a Kubernetes cluster, with exposed ONOS REST API ports. It is also expected that new versions of the different components are available to the operator that performs the upgrade.

Minor Software Version Update

The minor software upgrade qualifier refers to an upgrade that does not involve API changes, which in VOLTHA, refers to either a change to the protos or to voltha-lib-go, and in ONOS to a change in the Java interfaces, CLI commands or REST APIs of either the Apps or the platform. A minor software update is intended for bug fixes and not for new features. Minor software update is supported only for ONOS apps and VOLTHA components. No in service software update is supported for ETCD or Kafka.

VOLTHA services

VOLTHA components minor software upgrade leverages helm and k8s. During this process is expected that no provision subscriber call is executed from the northbound. In process calls will be executed thanks to the stored data and/or the persistence of messages over KAFKA.

After changes in the code are made and verified the following steps are needed:

  1. Update Minor Version of the component

  2. Build a new version of the needed component to update

  3. update the component’s minor version in the helm chart

  4. issue the helm upgrade command. If the changes have been already upstreamed to ONF the upstream chart
    onf/<component name> can be used, otherwise a local copy of the chart is required.

Following is an example of the helm command to upgrade the openonu adapter. Topics, kv store paths and kafka endpoints need to be adapted to the specific deployment.

helm upgrade --install --create-namespace \
  -n voltha1 opeonu-adapter onf/voltha-adapter-openonu \
  --set global.stack_name=voltha1 \
  --set adapter_open_onu.kv_store_data_prefix=service/voltha/voltha1_voltha1 \
  --set adapter_open_onu.topics.core_topic=voltha1_voltha1_rwcore \
  --set adapter_open_onu.topics.adapter_open_onu_topic=voltha1_voltha1_brcm_openomci_onu \
  --set services.kafka.adapter.service=voltha-infra-kafka.infra.svc \
  --set services.kafka.cluster.service=voltha-infra-kafka.infra.svc \
  --set services.etcd.service=voltha-infra-etcd.infra.svc

ONOS apps

Minor software update is also available for the following ONOS apps - sadis, olt, aaa, kafka, dhcpl2relay, mac-learning, igmpproxy, and mcast. These apps can be thus updated with no impact on the dataplane of provisioned subscribers. The minor software update for the ONOS apps leverage existing ONOS REST APIs.

During this process is expected that no provision subscriber call is executed from the REST APIs. In process calls will be executed thanks to the Atomix stored flows. Some metrics and/or packet processing might be lost during this procedure, the system relies on retry mechanisms present in the services and the dataplane protocols for converging to a stable stated (e.g. DHCP retry)

After changes in the code of ONOS apps are made and verified the following steps are needed:

  1. obtain the .oar of the app, either via a local build with mvn clean install or, if the code has been upstreamed
    by downloading it from maven central or sonatype.
  2. Delete the old version of the ONOS app.

  3. Upload install and activate the new oar file.

Following is an example of the different curl commands to upgrade the olt app. This assumes the .oar to be present in the directory where the command is executed from/

# download the app
curl --fail -sSL https://oss.sonatype.org/content/groups/public/org/opencord/olt-app/4.5.0-SNAPSHOT/olt-app-4.5.0-20210504.162620-3.oar > org.opencord.olt-4.5.0.SNAPSHOT.oar
# delete the app
curl --fail -sSL -X DELETE http://karaf:karaf@127.0.0.1:8181/onos/v1/applications/org.opencord.olt
# install and activate the new version of the app
curl --fail -sSL -H Content-Type:application/octet-stream -X POST http://karaf:karaf@127.0.0.1:8181/onos/v1/applications?activate=true --data-binary @org.opencord.olt-4.5.0.SNAPSHOT.oar 2>&1

Major Software Version Update

A software update is qualified to be major where there are changes in the APIs or in the format of the data stored by a component.

A major software update at the moment in VOLTHA and ONOS requires a maintenance window during which the dataplane for the subscribers is going to be interrupted, thus no service will be provided. There are several cases and they can be handled differently.

VOLTHA services API or Data format changes

A major update is needed because VOLTHA API between components have been changed or because format of the data being stored is different, thus a complete-wipe out needs to be performed. In such scenario each stack can be updated independently with no teardown required of the infrastructure of ONOS, ETCD, KAFKA. Different versions of Voltha can co-exists over the same infrastructure.

The procedure is iterative on each stack and is performed as follows:

  1. un-provision all the subscribers via ONOS REST API.

  2. delete all the OLTs managed by the stack via VOLTHA gRPC API.

  3. upgrade the stack version via helm upgrade command and the correct version of the voltha-stack chart.

Details on the helm commands can be found in the voltha-helm-charts README file

If the API change is between the openolt adapter and the openolt agent on the OLT hardware please refer to section OpenOLT Agent Update.

ONOS, Atomix or ONOS apps

A major update is needed because of changes in the interfaces (Java APIs), REST APIs, of ONOS itself or in one of the apps have been made, rendering incompatible the two subsequent implementations. A major software update is also needed for changes made to the data stored in Atomix or for an update of the Atomix version iself. In this scenario all the stacks connected to an ONOS instance need to be cleaned of data before moving them over to a new ONOS cluster.

The procedure is as follows:

  1. deploy a new ONOS cluster in a new namespace infra1

  2. un-provision all the subscribers via ONOS REST API

  3. delete the OLT device (not strictly required, but best to ensure clean state)

  4. redeploy the of-agent with the new ONOS cluster endpoints

  5. re-provision the OLT

  6. re-provision the subscribers

  7. iterate over steps 2,3,4,5,6 for each of the stack connected to the ONOS you want to update.

Following is an example on how to deploy ONOS:

helm install --create-namespace \
  --set replicas=3,atomix.replicas=3 \
  --set atomix.persistence.enabled=false \
  --set image.pullPolicy=Always,image.repository=voltha/voltha-onos,image.tag=5.0.0 \
  --namespace infra1 onos onos/onos-classic

Following is an example on how to re-deploy the of-agent, using the voltha-stack chart, pointing new controller endpoints. Only the ofagent pod will be restarted.

helm upgrade --install --create-namespace \
--set global.topics.core_topic=voltha1_voltha1_rwcore,defaults.kv_store_data_prefix=service/minimal \
--set global.kv_store_data_prefix=service/voltha/voltha1_voltha1 \
--set services.etcd.port=2379 --set services.etcd.address=etcd.default.svc:2379 \
--set services.kafka.adapter.service=voltha-infra-kafka.infra.svc \
--set services.kafka.cluster.service=voltha-infra-kafka.infra.svc \
--set services.etcd.service=voltha-infra-etcd.infra.svc
--set 'voltha.services.controller[0].service=voltha-infra1-onos-classic-0.voltha-infra1-onos-classic-hs.infra1.svc' \
--set 'voltha.services.controller[0].port=6653' \
--set 'voltha.services.controller[0].address=voltha-infra1-onos-classic-0.voltha-infra1-onos-classic-hs.infra1.svc:6653' \
--set 'voltha.services.controller[1].service=voltha-infra1-onos-classic-1.voltha-infra1-onos-classic-hs.infra1.svc' \
--set 'voltha.services.controller[1].port=6653' \
--set 'voltha.services.controller[1].address=voltha-infra1-onos-classic-1.voltha-infra1-onos-classic-hs.infra1.svc:6653' \
--set 'voltha.services.controller[2].service=voltha-infra1-onos-classic-2.voltha-infra1-onos-classic-hs.infra1.svc' \
--set 'voltha.services.controller[2].port=6653' \
--set 'voltha.services.controller[2].address=voltha-infra1-onos-classic-2.voltha-infra1-onos-classic-hs.infra1.svc:6653' \
--set global.log_level=WARN --namespace voltha voltha onf/voltha-stack

ETCD

A major update is needed because tearing down the ETCD cluster means deleting the data stored, thus requiring a rebuild by the different components.

The procedure is as follows:

  1. deploy a new ETCD cluster.

  2. un-provision all the subscribers via ONOS REST API

  3. delete the OLT device (not strictly required, but best to ensure clean state)

  4. redeploy the voltha stack with the voltha-stack helm chart pointing it to the new ETCD endpoints.

  5. re-provision the OLT

  6. re-provision the subscribers

  7. iterate over steps 2,3,4,5,6 for each stack connected to the ETCD cluster you want to update.

Details on the helm commands for the voltha stack can be found in the voltha-helm-charts README file

Following is an example on how to deploy a new 3 node ETCD cluster:

helm install --create-namespace --set auth.rbac.enabled=false,persistence.enabled=false,statefulset.replicaCount=3 --namespace infra etcd bitnami/etcd

KAFKA Update

An update of Kafka is not considered to be a major software upgrade because it can be performed with no service impact to the user.

helm install --create-namespace --set global.log_level=WARN --namespace infra kafka bitnami/kafka

Following is an example on how to re-deploy the stack pods, using the voltha-stack chart, pointing new kafka (voltha-infra-kafka-2.infra.svc) endpoints. Each pod will be restarted but without dataplane interruption because it will be the same of a pod restart, thus leveraging the data stored in ETCD.

helm upgrade --install --create-namespace \
--set global.topics.core_topic=voltha1_voltha1_rwcore,defaults.kv_store_data_prefix=service/minimal \
--set global.kv_store_data_prefix=service/voltha/voltha1_voltha1 \
--set services.etcd.port=2379 --set services.etcd.address=etcd.default.svc:2379 \
--set services.kafka.adapter.service=voltha-infra-kafka-2.infra.svc \
--set services.kafka.cluster.service=voltha-infra-kafka-2.infra.svc \
--set services.etcd.service=voltha-infra-etcd.infra.svc
--set 'voltha.services.controller[0].service=voltha-infra-onos-classic-0.voltha-infra-onos-classic-hs.infra.svc' \
--set 'voltha.services.controller[0].port=6653' \
--set 'voltha.services.controller[0].address=voltha-infra-onos-classic-0.voltha-infra-onos-classic-hs.infra.svc:6653' \
--set 'voltha.services.controller[1].service=voltha-infra-onos-classic-1.voltha-infra-onos-classic-hs.infra.svc' \
--set 'voltha.services.controller[1].port=6653' \
--set 'voltha.services.controller[1].address=voltha-infra-onos-classic-1.voltha-infra-onos-classic-hs.infra.svc:6653' \
--set 'voltha.services.controller[2].service=voltha-infra-onos-classic-2.voltha-infra-onos-classic-hs.infra.svc' \
--set 'voltha.services.controller[2].port=6653' \
--set 'voltha.services.controller[2].address=voltha-infra-onos-classic-2.voltha-infra-onos-classic-hs.infra.svc:6653' \
--set global.log_level=WARN --namespace voltha voltha onf/voltha

OpenOLT Agent Update

The openolt agent on the box can be upgrade without having to teardown all the VOLTHA stack to which the OLT was connected. Again here we make the ditinction of a minor update and a major update of the openolt agent. A minor update happens when there is no API change between the openolt agent and the openolt adapter, meaning the openolt.proto has not been updated in either of those components. A major update is required when there are changes to the openolt.proto API.

Both updates of the OpenOLT agent are service impacting for the customer.

Minor Update

A minor update will be seen from VOLTHA as a reboot of the OLT. During a minor update of the openolt agent no northbound should be done, in progress provision call will reconcile upon OLT reboot. Events, metrics and performance measurements data can be lost and should not be expected during this procedure. The procedure is as follows:

  1. place the new openolt agent .deb package on the desired OLT.

  2. stop the running openolt, dev_mgmnt_deamon and optionally the watchdog processes on the OLT.

  3. run the new openolt packages

  4. reboot the OLT hardware.

After these steps are done VOLTHA will re-receive the OLT connection and re-provision data accordingly.

Major update

A major update will require the OLT to be deleted from VOLTHA to ensure no inconsistent data is stored. During a major update of the openolt agent and adapter no northbound should be done and in progress call will fail. Events, metrics and performance measurements data will be lost. The procedure is as follows:

  1. Delete the OLT device from VOLTHA (e.g. voltctl device delete <olt_id>)

  2. Upgrade the openolt-adapter to the new version via helm upgrade.

  3. place the new openolt agent .deb package on the desired OLT.

  4. stop the running openolt, dev_mgmnt_deamon and optionally the watchdog processes on the OLT.

  5. run the new openolt packages

  6. reboot the OLT hardware.

  7. re-provision the OLT (e.g. voltctl device provision <ip:port>

  8. re-enable the OLT (e.g. voltctl device enable <olt_id>

  9. re-provision the subscribers.

After these steps VOLTHA effectively treats the OLT as a brand new one which it had no prior knowledge of.